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Younger (<16 years) and non-daily smokers require more cessation attempts to successfully quit than older (>16 years) or daily smokers. Older smokers appear less likely to make a cessation attempt than younger smokers, but if they do, they are much more likely to quit successfully.



Desire and attempts to quit begin soon after a regular smoking habit initiates. Novice, adolescent smokers progress through several stages in their perception of the difficulty of quitting. Increased understanding of the cessation process may help in developing effective tobacco control interventions for novice smokers. Interventions that motivate younger smokers to quit, and prepare them to transition away from smoking through behavioral modification and education show promise as effective cessation strategies. At present, there is not enough evidence to recommend the use of pharmacotherapy to aid cessation among younger smokers.



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